Industrial Revolution

Changes To Transport

Industrial Revolution
Life Before The Industrial Revolution
--Types Of Industry
--Lifestyle Of The People
--Quality Of Life
Beginnings In England
--How It All Started
Spread Of Industry
--Where Did It Spread?
--How Was It Funded?
Major Inventions
Impact On Society
--Lifestyles And Working Conditions
--Quality Of Life
Impact On Movement
--Changes To Transport
Impact On Industry
--How Was Industry Changed?
Impact On Environment

Transport changed very quickly in the period 1700-1900 as a result of an increased need for better methods of moving goods, new technologies and large scale investment in the countries infra-structure (communications network).

The changes came in several stages. First Roads were improved, then Canals were built and finally the Railway was developed. Each change had an impact upon life in the country, each shortened travel times over longer distances and each enabled industrialists to seek new markets in previously out of reach areas of the country. Likewise they enabled more raw materials and goods to be shipped to and from factories, providing further impetus to the industrial age.

At the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, inland transport was by navigable rivers and roads, with coastal vessels employed to move heavy goods by sea. Railways or wagon ways were used for conveying coal to rivers for further shipment, but canals had not yet been constructed. Animals supplied all of the motive power on land, with sails providing the motive power on the sea.

The Industrial Revolution improved Britain’s transport infrastructure with a turnpike road network, a canal and waterway network and lastly a railway network. These meant that raw materials and finished products could be moved more quickly and cheaply than before. Improved transportation also allowed new ideas to spread quickly.

Panama CanalCanal

The transportation industry provided an important link beetween producers and suppliersand products grown in one area of the country had to be moved to other markets in the area.  Much transportation allowed supply to meet ,also efficient transportation.
New methods of road and construction were developed with smoother roads and better buildings everyone was starting to be happy. Forrests were cleared away from the edges of the roads so that people would not come out of the trees and mug other people. Also built more canals. Steam Locomotive

Prior to 1776, the date of hte American Declaration of Independence from Britain, over one-third of Britain's shops were built in the American colonies. The American shipbuilding industry was known for its quality and productivity, and was rapidly growing in importance. One American who advance the technology of shipbuilding was Robert Fulton.

The transportation industy provided an important link between producers and suppliers.Products grwn or manufactured in one area of the country had to be moved to markets in other areas. The best markets were he rapidly growing cities.Transporatation allowed supply to meet demand.
Improvement in industries were closely linked to improvement in transportation.efficient transportation encouraged industry because if allowed raw materials to be gathered from various places.
During the 1700s,transportation in Britian improved for a number of reason.First, Parliament gave prople permission to form Runpike Trusts if they would undertake to improve local roads. Gates or Tunpike were installed on the roads and travellers were charged a fee as they passed through each gate.
second, new methods of construction roads were developed.Turnpike Trusts hired engineers such as John McAdam to develop new ways of building roads.Mc Adam built roads that were well drained and had hard surfaces.This meant that they lasted longer and were less likely to become rutted by the wwheels of heavy coaches.
Third, reason is that road transprotation became better organized. forest wre cleared away from the edges of roads.this reduced the likelihood of people beings attacked by highwaymen who would lurk in the trees, hidden from veiw.