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Industrial Revolution

Spread Of Industry

Industrial Revolution
Life Before The Industrial Revolution
--Types Of Industry
--Lifestyle Of The People
--Quality Of Life
Beginnings In England
--How It All Started
Spread Of Industry
--Where Did It Spread?
--How Was It Funded?
Major Inventions
Impact On Society
--Lifestyles And Working Conditions
--Quality Of Life
Impact On Movement
--Changes To Transport
Impact On Industry
--How Was Industry Changed?
Impact On Environment
Vocabulary
Bibliography

Britain became the world's leading industrial power because of the Industrial Revolution. Its political and business leaders wanted to maintain this advantage. For a long time, Britain tried to prevent the spread of industrial technology to other countries. The British were particularly concerned that the new technologies not spread to the colonies in North America. These colonies were excellent market for the cottons and other textiles produced in British factories. If the colonies started to manufacture their own cloth, this important market would be lost; therefore, the British government did all that it could to prevent skilled workers from taking plans for the new textile machinery to the American colonies.
 
How could they do this? An important way was to impose stiff penalties on people caught smuggling plans and blueprints of the new machines out of the country. Laws were passed to prohibited skilled workers from emigrating to the American Colonies. In the 1780s, workers who did try to emigrate lost their British citizenship and property. The Americans, on the other hand, used recruiting agents to entice British workers to the colonies. The British countered byu passing a law that made such recruiting an offence. A recruiting agent could be fined $500 and put in jail for 12 months for each worker who emigrated to the colonies; however, theselaws were not effective in stopping the trickle of emigrants from Britain to the United States.